7 Simple Steps to Operate a Record Player

As you know the record player existed a lot of years ago. We use it to record the music. Moreover, the operation of this old version is easy with many people. However, nowadays, the record player with the new version is very modern and has a lot of changes. Although you are only a beginner to own a turntable you can buy the new one or choose it from the shop of the record player for sale. This does not affect too much to the operation. At this time, you should note how to operate it. It is really important to operate this device properly.

Do you know it? How many steps to start your turntable? Now I will have a brief introduction to guide you. It includes 7 simple steps which you are very easy to remember and implementation. Let’s find out the best methods to operate your record player.

  1. Opening The Dust Cover of The Record Player

Open the dust cover of the record player

All turntables are protected by the plastic dust covers. This will help your record player limit the dirt from the outside when it is not used.

  • Firstly, you lift the dust cover;
  • Then, you should lower gently to avoid managing it. However, you remember that at this time the turntable is playing. Thus, you do not need to close tightly.
  • Also, you want to protect the platter and you have the closure. It is wrong because you can damage the player as well as your record.
  • Finally, after playing completely, you need close it as the initial state.
  1. Checking The Platter

The platter is a circle shape and it is a place to put the vinyl record on it. Some kinds of the turntable will have the second dust cover to protect your vinyl. And it is made of the felt material.

  • After that, you will take out the felt cover and put it the place where it is the cleanest as possible.
  • Next, you place the vinyl record on the platter.
  1. Making Sure The Record Player Is Not Spinning

Although you are using the manual turntable or the automatic turntable you should make sure that at this time it is not spinning because you are putting the vinyl record on the platter.

In fact, if you place the vinyl on the platter while it is turning both of the vinyl records and the platter will be scratched.

  1. Operating The Record Player

Place the platter into the motion. You should control all motion of the turntable. Besides, you must choose the speed selector. There are 3 level of the speed such as 33 rpm, 45 rpm, and 78 rpm and depend on your requirement for your work. You can select one. However, the standard 12 inches records often play 33rpm.

But in the case, with the automatic record player, the platter will start rotating when you lift the tone-arm and place it on the platter. Therefore, you do not need to put the platter into the motion.

  1. How to Place The Tone-Arm on The Record

The needle of the tone-arm must be put at the beginning of the record at the outer groove directly. And remember that your turntable does not start yet at this time.

Also, if your record player has a cueing feature you only need to use your hand to put the tone-arm gently.

Push the tone-arm and place it on the record

On the other hands, your turntable does not have a cueing feature you must push the tone-arm and place it on the beginning of the record.

  1. Lowering The Stylus

Your recording will start after you lower the stylus. So this is the final step if you want record player to begin.

After the tone-arm is lowered the outer groove the stylus also should match with the groove of the clicking sounds.

  1. Completing The Recording

When you finish the recording you must put the tone-arm into the resting position. You can do it very easy with 2 different ways:

  • Using your hand to taking it from the surface of the record;
  • Using the cueing switch

Especially, you only do this when your turntable stop. With some automatic record players, the tone-arm will return the resting position automatically when the record completes.

In conclusion, choosing the good turntable is an important thing and operating the record player properly is also very important, the best products at TrustedSounds will be a nice idea. This will help extend the life of your turntable. Although you know use and operate this device you also make it carefully and gently. I hope that through these seven simple steps will contribute more experience for using the record player of you.

How To Choose Beautiful And Convenient Headphones?

Headphone is one of the most important accessories of music lovers. On markets nowadays, there is a variety of headphones that are convenient, good – looking and have strange designs that suits your need of experiencing the sound world from digital devices. With the high pace of technology development, headphone product lines on market are diversity with many types that serve certain purposes and additional functions, from well – known brands such as Sony, Sennheiser, Joinhandmade, AKG who produce the best noise cancelling headphones as well as high – end headphones to some headphone manufacturers that do not gain popularity. The prices are quite different, too. You can have a headphone with just less than $100 or you have to spend more than $1000. Therefore, to choose the best headphone that can satisfy you completely, you might put it into carefully consideration. Take a look at some criteria below when choosing a headphone.

Best Headphones

Utilizing purposes

This factor plays an important part when you want to spend money on a headphone. If you are a person who uses headphone while travelling on a daily basis, you should consider choosing in – ear headphones (the ear pads are small and put into the ears through the lines) or ear – buds (put onto the outer part of the ears) because of their compact designs. These headphones are often used along with portable devices such as smartphones or music players. The ability of noise cancellation of these products is not highly appreciated. Besides, you can have a Bluetooth headphone which doesn’t use wires. Recently, Sony presented some unique and beautiful models of wireless headphones such as SBH700. This might be a good choice for you.

If you need a headphone to listen to music while taking part in sports such as working out, jogging, biking, Sport Headphones are the better choice. The ear pads are attached to fixed circles that can help the headphone to stand still during the actions of the owner. Headphones that have good fit are better. In addition, you should look for headphones that are water resist to prevent the harms of sweats to your loving headphone.

Best Sport Headphones

If you want to find a headphone to use in office or at home, on – ear and full – sized headphones might be the best for you. The designs of those types are quite bulky which are often used for high noise cancellation.  With the overwhelming advantages about sound quality, full – sized headphones are the special ones for high quality music tracks.

The price

With headphone products, you cannot expect for a very good one that can be purchase in a low price. Therefore you have to consider a lot before deciding investing the money on any product according to the financial condition and your requirements. In personal opinion, I highly recommend headphones with clear brands because of high durability, good sound quality and guaranteed maintenance.

If you are not a picky person in music, headphones under 100 might satisfy you. On market, there are some considerable products such as Sony MDR EX – 51, Sennheiser HD414, HD212, PMX200, AKG K20P. You should try all of them to have good comparison between them.

More than 100, we have some headphones from well – known brands like Sony MDR-V55, Sennheiser CX-400II… They are full – sized headphones. With in – ear products you can see headphones from Joinhandmade with reasonable price and good sound quality. If you are an audiophile, the sound quality must be tested carefully especially with headphones over 100.


Beside some basic check about the sound quality, you should notice more about the ability to separate the sounds of the headphones. You should bring your hearing device to the stores so that you can test the products directly to see their pros and cons. Your favorite music genre will have a strong impact to the types of headphone you might interest in. If you are the person who really likes enjoy music while moving, best Bluetooth earbuds for running might be the perfect choice.

Moreover, additional details such as the wire length (normally about 1.2m), the joints and the jacks that can apply to plenty of devices (for most use is 3.5mm port) must be considered carefully so that you can avoid buying product that are hard to use. If your headphone is not easily compatible to your devices, it would be a disaster.

How to connect when the phono preamp in the turntable

Important Tips to Connect the Turntable to a Receiver

You are willing to spend a big budget to buy the best turntable because you want to own the best sounds from this device. Did you get it yet? It is not difficult to do it. Even, it is easier than you think. I am sure that you will listen better to sounds from your turntable when it is connected to a receiver. The preamp will adjust the volume, the timbre, and the balance everything. Thus, the sounds of the turntable are also improved significantly.

Actually, connecting the turntable to a receiver is not too complex as you think. You can quite do it if you know some basic steps. The best element to get two components each other is the phono preamp. I will help you understand more this through this article. I will mention the important tips to connect the turntable to a receiver. Please pair them to enjoy the sweet sound from your vinyl record, right!

How to connect the turntable to a receive

What Is The Phono Preamp?

As we know the cartridge on the end of the tone-arm in the turntable will generate a small voltage when the needle glides on the grooves. This voltage must balance and amplify properly before it comes to your receiver. To boost this signal, it is a duty of the phono preamp and it is also called as a phono stage or RIAA preamp.

Where Is The Phono Preamp?

You are easy to see the phono preamp in three most common places in all systems of the record players:

  • It will be placed on the inside of the receiver.
  • Or it can be put in the separate box which plugging in between the record player and a receiver.
  • Also, the phono preamp is directly installed into the turntable.

If you want to check or see the phono preamp location you should find out it in these positions.

Normally, when knowing the location of the phono preamp you will be easy to connect the turntable to a receiver. According to the opinion of many users, this connecting is also the same with the connecting of any audio components.

Important Tips to Connect the Turntable to a Receiver

You will have three different connections between the turntables to the receiver when the phono preamp has three different locations. Here are the brief introductions that it will help you perform in the right way.

The First Case: The Phono Preamp in the Inside of a Receiver

  • With this case, the turntable does not have the built- in phono preamp.
  • Besides, the receiver will have the built-in phono preamp and have an input. You will see a label with the name “PHONO” on the receiver.
  • After that, you will plug the audio signal cable of the record player into the phono input.
  • Beyond that, at the phono input, you will see a label with the name “GND” for ground. You will connect your turntable ground wire to this position. This will help limit all noises which they come from your device during playing.

The Second Case: The Phono Preamp in the Separate Box

  • In this situation, not only the turntable but also the receiver lack of the built-in phono preamp.
  • Of course, to connect two types of equipment together, you will need to have the phono Preamp in the separate box.
  • Next, you will plug the audio cable of the turntable into the input port of the phono preamp.
  • Then, plugging the audio output of the phono preamp into one of the analog audio input of the receiver.

The Third Case: The Phono Preamp in the Turntable

  • With the system, the turntable will have the built-in phono preamp.
  • The receiver does not have the built-in phono preamp.
  • Now, you only plug the audio signal cable of the turntable into one of the analog audio input of the receiver. In fact, this input is often labeled “Aux”, Line in, or Analog In. It is understood as auxiliary

How to connect when the phono preamp in the turntable

In conclusion, the phono preamp is the main key for this connection. Therefore, you must know what it is and where it is to connect easily. In addition, these tips also play the important roles which you can refer to as well as follow while you want to plug any device together. Have the right understanding, this will help you have more knowledge to connecting and protecting your record player. I hope that through this writing you can connect your turntable to the receiver at home without the expert. Moreover, you can enjoy the great sounds from your vinyl record.

Neckband Headphones – Three Reliable Products

Today, the music becomes one essential part in everyone’s life. You do exercise and need the best workout headphones. In the other situations, you indulge the stereo-sound and want to look for the best headphones under 50 for yourself, don’t you? So, you can try considering the neckband headphones, which are the basic headphones for those who enjoy the active sports music. With the modern design, these headphones create the comfort for users. Even though you exercise and sweat, you can still hear your favorite music. Right now, we will begin to learn three of the best neckband headphones on the market today. Let’s go!

neckband headphones

Neckband Headphones – Three Reliable Products

Sennheiser PMX 70

Sennheiser PMX 70In case you are looking for the sports headphones for running, jogging or any other activities, this Sennhieser PMX70 will not make you disappointed. With the rugged design, this set of headphones brings to the great feeling of sports activities. You can use them while jogging on the road, for example. These headphones will be able to help you to both focus on activities yours and to enjoy your favorite tunes.

A few of the main features of the Sennheiser PMX70 are:

  • The compact design should fit and create the comfort for users’ ears.
  • For detailed sound, these headphones include the neodymium magnets, which are powerful.
  • In the case of sweating, you are able to wash them.
  • Both earphones and cable are pretty rugged.
  • Coming with a cable clip the can be handy.

Adidas PMX 680 sports Earbud headphones

Sennheiser PMX 680It can ensure that you will not feel disappointed when finding to this brand because it is the combination of Sennheiser and Adidas. From there, they have released the PMX 680 sports Earbud headphones.

Due to the as-known quality from Sennheiser and the brand by Adidas, this partnership brings to a perfect design and the comfortable fit for those who love music. It is this unique combination that has created a pair of headphones with a variety of types. You can wash them when soaking sweat, rain, or water.

In addition, these neckband headphones are supported by thus dynamic Sennheiser, so they are owned the awesome sound quality. Furthermore, because of flexibility and tough materials, they can also suffer any strain or shocks.

A couple of the noticeable features of the PMX680 are:

  • Washable if you want to maintain
  • Comfort and fit during the process of using.
  • Owning a high sound quality.
  • The cable is enhanced Dupont Kevlar.
  • With 2-year warranty.

Philips HS 500 behind the head sport neckband headphones

Philips HS 500Although Philips HS 500 has only been about a bit, this set of neckband headphones is still owned a good quality and class. Besides, the lightweight should easily carry everywhere.

There are also the perfect headphones with a certain style, so this model is enjoying on the market today. If you have the chance, you should try experiencing. It is sure that you are going to satisfy.

These headphones are extremely light is combined with soft rubber paddings. Therefore, they bring to the comfort for any sports activities that you’d like to take part in. Beyond that, due to the pull-relief system, it helps to protect the connection of the cord from most pulling. What a wonderful this one is!

Simply, you only need to connect Philips HS 500 with the tunes that you enjoy if you want to utilize these headphones. In addition, there is the system of the acoustic reflector which has coupled with tiny perforations in order to balance the pressure in the chamber of the sound. Moreover, the bass sound is quite great. You will be able to enjoy the music at home, in the gym, or on the road.

  • Style and quality
  • Pretty durable
  • Powerful bass sound
  • The plug is plated gold


It can say that the three above headphones are the perfect choices for those who love the kind of sports music. Looking for the best headphones under 50, you cannot miss these headphones. Through the supported information, you are able to select one headphone for yourself, aren’t you? If you enjoy listening to music on the street, you should quickly choose one right now. Sennheiser, Adidas and Philips are the famous brands on the market are very trusted. Surely, you will not be disappointed with these products. I wish you every success in looking for!

In What Way You Can Buy the Best Headphones

Are you a music addict? Would you like to purchase the best wireless earbuds? When mentioning to this product, buyers often consider the comfort during the use process of headphones. A large number of people think that buys the simple headphones with the cheap cost to listen to music or utilize with other devices. Like that, it is ok. Nevertheless, there are plenty of problems which have a connection with headphones; especially, there is hearing.

Today, people can easily find 5 most common headphones on the market. A few of headphones have come with a micro. Others do not. Have you often recorded your voice? So, you need to find the headphones with microphone. There are plenty of styles of headphones so that you are able to choose like canal buds, ear buds, in-ear-canal, full-size headphones and light weight. To learn the advantages and disadvantages of every type, you can consider below.

In What Way You Can Buy the Best Headphones

  1. Canal buds

Canal buds

This type of headphones has combined ear buds with in-ear-canal. Therefore, these headphones have entirely fitted when you put them into the ear canal. In addition, they also have a soft cushion which creates the comfort during the use process. This product is the perfect choice if you want to own the portable headphones. Furthermore, a great number of manufacturers would like to improve their function, by the way, to add remote inline microphones.

  1. Ear buds

In the market, this product is considered as the smallest gently creates the internal ear. Generally, these headphones can come with microphones or not. In particular, they depend on your appliance like MP3, smartphone, iPod, or computer. To appreciate the sound quality, even though ear buds are not necessary the headphones’ own father, its sound is pretty good. Besides, you can carry everywhere. Nonetheless, they are easily affected by the outside sound; especially, when you use with a microphone. It can say that the majority of users undervalues these headphones because they are uncomfortable. If you use them for a long time, they are able to cause your ear to pain.

  1. In ear canal

Like the name of this type of headphones, their design completely fits with your ear canal. Based on these ones, you can also see their advantages which are portable and easy to put fitly your ears. In that way, the external sound is minimized. People enjoy listening to music without noise, do they? In ear canal is pretty suitable. In addition, you are able to utilize this set of headphones with a microphone. You also know that the famous brand is their products which will be better, so the sound quality is based on this one. When mentioning to the price, this type of headphones has the affordable cost about $20. For a music addict, this price level is pretty cheap. It is entirely in your budget. In spite of using for a long time, you do not feel a headache or the uncomfortable feeling.

  1. Full-size headphones

Full-size headphones

Would you like to need the high-quality headphones? Nowadays, it can say that full-size headphones can apply your requirement. This product sets over your head and can come with a microphone or not. You completely feel comfortable when using for a long time. Concurrently, all outside sound is prevented. With a series of remarkable features, these headphones are more expensive than others. According to recent newspapers, in comparison with other headphones, the full-size headphones provided the best sound quality.

  1. Lightweight headphones

lightweight headphones

These headphones also have the price that is pretty expensive. The especial feature of the lightweight headphones is the design over your head. Besides, the cushion cover around your ears that creates softly and comfortably. Although their design is not compact as well as other products, their sound is perfect.


In summary, the headphones are not only one, so people want to choose the best earbuds or for themselves based on needs and preferences. If you simply enjoy listening to music, ear buds or in ear canals are the suitable choice. On the other hand, you are the personality, aren’t you? Lightweight headphones or full-size headphones will be the perfect selection.

Reasons to Use Wireless Headphones

Wireless technology on headphones (or Bluetooth headphones) recently gained reputation for its developments, but it has always been underestimated in comparison with other classic types of traditional headphones. However, you might change your mind after reading this article, and maybe you can have the best studio headphones by following our advices.

Wireless Headphones

Wireless devices are not something too expensive anymore in years recently. They are used widely especially with technology lovers. Furthermore, the value and the quality of those devices are more and more guaranteed and improved so they gain popularity among us – busy people with hustling life.

In offices, you can easily see wireless mouse, wireless keyboard and even wireless printers. At home, it’s not too hard to see smartphones and tablets with wireless charge. But there is always a thing with wireless technology that is not treated well as its cousins. That’s the Bluetooth headphone.

With modernized Bluetooth technology, should we think of a near future when we appreciate more about the wireless headphones and give them a chance? Below are reasons that you might think about this seriously.

  1. Sound quality

As a matter of fact, Bluetooth headphones or wireless headphones have always been advices that bring large convenience for people around the world, especially high – tech people who appear to be young and active. This is also a reason that America, who is well – known with the characteristic of pragmatic, considers this type of headphone as a part of their busy lives.

Imagine them – the ones who are too busy that need to save time from even smallest actions such as pulling out the phones from the pocket and put it on the ear, feel so happy to own a headphone that can fulfill their wishes.

On the contrary of the USA, in many countries, Bluetooth headphones are not the better choices for people, because the sound quality is not convincing enough, or at least incomparable to models of regular wired headphones. The reasons are known by almost everybody, that’s the complex of sound signals that can’t be transmitted simply through wireless port of Bluetooth.

But that’s the story of couple of years ago. From then till now, the technology of sound on Bluetooth headphones have been completed. Now headphones which don’t use wires are not suffered from signal troubles anymore, and moreover, they are good with transferring the sound from a song or a movie fully.

Bluetooth headphones

I know that there still be a gap between high sound quality and Bluetooth headphones, and this type would hardly satisfy experts in sounding devices called Audiophiles, but we can deny the improvement made by manufacturers to bring the wireless headphones to a higher level of sound quality, therefore making it closer to users. In the near future, new technologies will help the sound of wireless headphones even better and surpass any other types or wiring headphones.

  1. Battery

One of the most annoying problems for wireless headphone users is the battery. But look at the truth. How many people using smartphones, tablets or laptop really feel comfortable with the duration of the devices? The batteries on portable devices have been a problem that causes headache to utilizers everywhere, yet manufacturers also.

However, recently, there are technologies that come along with the problem so as to optimize the utilize the duration of the headphones, and this is applied to many types of high – end headphone product lines such as Sennheiser Momentum, Sony MDR-ZX770BT. They are the proof for the states above about the future of long – use batteries.

With the quickly development of Bluetooth 4.0 that helps transmission faster with less electricity consumption, portable devices such as smartphones, tablets, and also headphones have hopes to claim their strengths and better battery duration in the future.

Technology should be something invisible, but still have a good impact on our lives in a positive way. With the help of technology in many fields of life, our everyday lives would be more comfortable and convenient. And that’s what wireless headphones succeed in. Now if asked, you might list out many benefits from the wireless headphones. But to me, the best one is that I can listen to music while brushing my teeth, or go to the gym without worrying about the wires messing up together.

What Makes Smaller Kitchen Appliances Great?

If you like to cook and spend quality time in the kitchen, you probably want to know which cooking appliances to incorporate in your cooking inventory. Cooking appliances are absolutely crucial when preparing your favorite meals. If you are planning to remodel the kitchen, or simply make some improvements to it by adding additional smaller cooking appliances you might want to consider the following cooking accessories.


Don’t Limit Yourself Only To Major Appliances

Apart from the conventional cooking appliances, which include a gas or electric cooker and a fridge among others, there are many different smaller cooking appliances available. All of them are designed to make life in the kitchen more exciting and add to your cooking experience.

Take some time to research all the different smaller appliances, whether online or at the local store. If you choose to do it online, look for web sites specializing in reviews for kitchen appliances. You can find appropriate microwave, toaster, food processors, electric kettles, pressure cooker reviews and more.

Only Purchase the Appliances You Need

Depending on your cooking routines and needs, here are the most popular additions you can add to your kitchen:

  • Microwave – As the name itself implies, microwaves rely on microwave radiation to prepare food in a very short time. Many cooking recipes require you to defrost some ingredients, and this is where a microwave will come in very handy. Instead of leaving the necessary ingredients thaw for half a day, you could simply put them in the microwave and do it almost instantly. Furthermore, they are very useful when it comes to simply heating some leftovers from the lunch you prepared the day before.
  • Blender – They are very useful for people who rely on shakes and smoothies to get through the day. Simply place the desired fruit or vegetable ingredients, add a small amount of water if necessary and it will do the rest itself. They come very handy for people with small babies, since they are perfect for making purees.
  • Pressure Cooker – Pressure cookers are extremely essential for people who like to cook but simply can’t afford to invest the time necessary for proper food preparation. They rely on high pressure and steam to prepare a meal in a very short amount of time. Simply follow the recipe, include all the ingredients, seal them in the pressure cooker and in just minutes, your meal will be done.
  • Food Processors – Many recipes include chopped, sliced, shredded or minced ingredients. If you want to save some time by not having to do all that on your own, or maybe you are just not capable of handling a knife for chopping and slicing, a good food processor in the kitchen is the perfect solution for you. Some of them can also serve the purpose of the blender, so by getting one you will be killing two birds with one stone.
  • Coffee Machine – Most of us can’t imagine the beginning of the day without a proper cup of coffee. If you are also such a person, having a coffee machine by your side is very useful. Just turn it on, while you go through the rest of your morning routine and when you are done, the machine will have prepared your coffee. All that is left for you to do is to enjoy it.
  • Slow Cooker – These can be very useful whether you have or don’t have the time to spare for cooking. For example, you can leave your stew to prepare in your slow cooker to perfection, while you prepare the rest of the meal. On the other hand, even if you can’t stay in the kitchen looking over your food being prepared, simply place all ingredients into the slow cooker and you can leave your home to go to work or run some chores. By the time you are back, your food will be waiting for you perfectly prepared.

Without a doubt all of these small kitchen appliances will make it a lot easier for you and your family. However, you are by no means obliged to purchase them all. You should be aware of your cooking needs and only get the ones that meet your requirements. There is no point in crowding your kitchen storage and counter space with appliances you will hardly ever use.

Music Therapy and People Healthy Life

In 1374 a malady called “dancing mania” swept through Europe on the heels of the plauge. “Entire communities,” says at text on the subject, “joined hands, screamed and shook for hours on end until they dropped from exhaustion. It was thoroughly infectious and no medicine was known at that time that had any effect on the addicts. Music was found to be the only means of checking it. The authorities of many towns ordered soft, slow soothing music to be played in the streets and market places; gradually the dancers became normal and the strange contagion was arrested.”

music therapy

Yet music was being used for medical purposes long before the Middle Ages. The Bible tells of how King Saul, upon whom the “evil spirit of God” had descended, was refreshed after hearing David plays the harp. (Dr. Jean-Robert Leonidas, an Instructor in Medicine at State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, speculates that Saul was relieved by the music because he may have suffered from an asthma-like condition and research has shown that listening to relaxing music decreases the lungs’ resistance to the flow of air.) Following World War II the military included music in its treatment programs for wounded, disabled, and “shell-shocked” veterans, and by the 1950’s the use of music in medicine was sufficiently widespread that a new profession–music therapy–had come into being. According to Janet Cook, a Texas researcher interested in the effects of music on health, music therapy involves the use of music as an “aid in the treatment of psychological, phychological, or social aspects of an illness or disability.” There are more than 2,000 registered music therapists practicing in the United States today, many in large medical centers and hospitals.

Positive Effects on People

Music therapy exists as a profession because researchers have shown that music exerts definite effects on the human body. Depending on the music used, music has been shown to raise or lower blood pressure as well as heart, breathing, and metabolic rates. It can also change the electrical conductivity of the skin and increase the body’s resistance to pain (in one study patients in pain were able to reduce their use of pain medication by an average of 30 percent while listening to music). One explanation proposed for these varied effects is that music may influence the release of endorphins (the body’s “natural painkillers”) and various “stress hormones”–including adrenaline.

Whether a given piece of music is stimulating or calming can depend on its nature. According to Janet Cook, high pitches create tension and low pitches relaxation, volumes too high or too low can be irritating, and tempos similar in pacing to that of the human heartbeat are soothing. Also important is the degree of pleasure a listener derives from the piece and the listener’s “musicality”: the greater a person’s enjoyment of music, the greater its effects will be. Almost anyone will respond in some degree to music, however, and if the music is “right” it can be put to good use. Music is currently being used as an aid in the reduction of pain and anxiety in dental and plastic surgery patients and with women in labor. It is being used to reduce cancer patients’ discomfort after chemotherapy and in the treatment of numerous mental and emotional disorders.

Stronger Evidence for the Great Treatment

An illustration of how music might be used to help in the treatment of depression is provided by Lucanne Magill Bailey, a certified music therapist at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City. Explaining that music which initially matches a person’s mood is most beneficial, she says she would probably first play for the person “music characterized by minor key or solo instruments”–music that expresses the person’s sorrow. She would then progress gradually to music in major keys and with “lightly flowing melodies from groups of instruments and/or voices” in the hopes that the music would serve as a catalyst to help the patient begin to feel part of a community and to better communicate his or her feelings.

In addition to using it to help patients, many health care professionals are beginning to use music for their own benefit: a 1984 article from the Journal of the American Medical Association reports that music is being played in a growing number of hospital operating rooms because it “reduces tension, relieves tedium, and subliminally, can even help timing of intricate (surgical) movements.” But you don’t need to be a patient or a doctor to enjoy and to benefit from music. We have probably all felt soothed, refreshed, enriched, or uplifted by music that we like. As Robert E. McDermit, president of the Health Sciences Center Hospital at the University of British Columbia, has said: Properly chosen music “can help to calm anxiety, stimulate body movement, promote spiritual growth, recall comfort and security, focus attention, feed the imagination, counter irritation and facilitate personal expression.” “It can also,” he adds, “simply provide enjoyment and pleasure.”

The Diversity of Dinnerware

Dinnerware presents an opportunity for the distributor sales representative. It is a product which is reordered because of damage, breakage and wear. It not only fills the role of a serving utensil, it is an element in the design of the foodservice operation. As part of the decor, dinnerware is frequently replaced when the operation is remodeled or renovated. That is every five to seven years for the average commercial operation. The market is big. The majority of operations above the fast-food level use permanent dinnerware of china, plastic, glass, metal or wood.


Although many DSRs shy away from dinnerware because of the confusing number of patterns, shapes, sizes and manufacturers, a bit of study is all that is needed to gain mastery of this line. The manufacturers’ literature and specification sheets provide most of the information needed.

Around a Long Time

The use of some kind of utensil to hold food for eating occurred long before man’s recorded history. Some archaeologists speculate that tree bark was the first food-holding utensil. Then, about 6,000 years ago, some early man found mud at the edge of a fire baked hard, and pottery was discovered, and then came bronze. Egyptians were eating from bronze plates and cups 5,000 years ago. As man’s ability to carve with bronze tools developed, so probably did the use of wood for serving utensils.

Glass came shortly after bronze. The Egyptians used it first for cosmetic jars and later for food containers. The Greeks and Romans both used glassware for serving food.

The discovery of iron, about 1000 B.C., soon resulted in that metal was being used for dinnerware. And royalty in Rome ate from plates of gold and silver.

The Phoenicians, traveling widely from their trading centers in the Mediterranean, carried pottery, glass, bronze and iron dinnerware from Scandinavia all the way to the shores of India.

Vitrified china started in the Far East, in China, naturally, about 900 A.D., during the T’sang Dynasty, as a way to insure sanitary serving of food. Marco Polo brought samples of vitrified china back from his trip to Cathay in the 1200s. Italian craftsmen, although unable to reproduce it, named it after the translucent, glossy mollusk shell called porcellana. In Europe it is still called porcelain. The English gave it the name we use in this country.

plastic dinnerware

Plastic is a recent entry into the dinnerware market. Although early plastics (celluloid) existed in the 19th century, the first plastic dinnerware was developed for the Navy during World War II to cut down on dinnerware breakage during maneuvers and battle. It was made of melamine, the same material used today for most permanent plastic dinnerware.

More recent is the development of high-density china using aluminum oxide to provide thinner pieces with higher breakage resistance than conventional china. Another development–this time from research in the space program–has been caramelized glass, which is stronger than china but is similar in appearance.

China Dinnerware

Conventional china is manufactured from a mixture of clay (kaolin), flint (quartz), and feldspar fired at extremely high temperatures. It is called “vitrified’ from the Latin word for glass, vitrum, referring to the hard, “glassy’ appearance.

In foodservice china, decoration is then applied to the piece, usually as a decal. Then the piece is covered with a glaze fired at a lower temperature. Firing turns the glaze transparent and bonds it to the surface of the piece, providing high-abrasion resistance, protecting the pattern and making the china impervious to water.

There are more choices in china than in any other foodservice tableware. Some estimates range as high as 4,000 different combinations of shapes, sizes, weights and capacities. In addition, there are hundreds of patterns and decorations produced as standard items. China may also be customized to the operator’s use with special “custom’ patterns and decoration available through the manufacturer.

Foodservice or “restaurant’ china has always been characterized by its heavy weight and thick cross section. Recently, however, a new type of china has been making inroads. This is alumina china, made with aluminum oxide instead of the traditional flint. The resulting high-density product is thinner and lighter than regular foodservice china, and is more resistant to chipping and breaking.

Plastic Dinnerware

The melamine plastic dinnerware developed during World War II was thick and clumsy looking and it had a lusterless surface. Its major advantages were a resistance to breakage about 30 times that of the existing china, and it was lighter. It was, however, susceptible to abrasion, particularly from the cutting edges of knives. It developed a film from food and drink residues, particularly in cups, and color selection was limited.

Continuing development has resulted in a product available in a wide range of qualities. The best plastic dinnerware has a high, tough gloss, resistance to abrasion and filming, and is offered in a wide range of colors and patterns.

Plastic dinnerware is manufactured by molding and heat curing melamine plastic then a special melamine plastic. Then a special melamine-impregnated paper “foil’ containing the decoration (pattern) is applied and bonded to the body of the piece. The pattern is imbedded in the plastic.

Glass Dinnerware

Glass dinnerware comes in two types: conventional, heat-resistant glass and caramelized glass. The caramelized glass, the most like china, is the more expensive of the two.

Glass Dinnerware

Heat resistant glass has a glossy, translucent appearance, far more shiny than china. It is molded from molten glass, allowed to cool, and then decorated with glass ceramic enamels or stains. The pieces are then fired at high temperature. This bonds the pattern to the piece and tempers the glass so it is more shatter-resistant. Tempered glass will break into chunks rather than shatter into sharp shards. Tempered glass is also more resistant to heat and less prone to chipping.

Caramelized glass is also molded from molten glass. But the pieces are then cycled through a series of heat-treating temperatures in a kiln to form fine-grained crystals, similar to china. The crystallization gives the dinnerware it’s white, opaque appearance and develops the strength characteristic of this product.

Decoration is applied by decal, similar to china, and the pieces are glazed and fired again to bond the glaze to the surface and to additionally strengthen the material.

Caramelized glass is about three times the strength of china and is highly resistant to chipping or breaking.

  • The high density of this material makes it possible to form dinnerware from it that is much thinner and lighter than conventional foodservice china. It also shows a high resistance to heat.
  • The traditional use of metal dinnerware has been for platters to serve steak and seafood, or for service plates. Conventional materials have been stainless steel and aluminum.

In recent years, however, a growing use of cast metal alloy dinnerware has developed with the growth of the “theme’ eating place. Alloy metal, a mixture of several different types, produces an appearance and finish similar to pewter, although at much less cost.

Two finishes are generally available, a rough, “cast’ surface, similar in appearance to old lead pewter, and a highly polished surface similar to a high tin pewter. Use of the rough surface is often employed to give an old English “pub’ appearance to the tabletop, while the polished alloy is often used in Early American type operations.

Almost all standard dinnerware places are available, plus many tankards, mugs and goblets. The major uses are still, however, for serving platters that can be heated in the oven, and as service plates.

Wood Dinnerware

Wood has been used widely over the years for salad bowls and in some operations for “planked’ steaks or seafood. One of the most common uses, however, has been as a tabletop cutting board for bread and cheese.

Wood Dinnerware

In a growing number of health departments the use of porous wood, particularly for use with meat and seafood and salads, has been banned. As a result, most of the wood used today in foodservice is surface impregnated with plastic resins to provide a sealed surface impervious to bacteria and resistant to abrasion and discoloration by moisture and chemicals.

Wooden salad bowls have been particularly popular since the coming of salad bars in all types of operations. Available in many styles and sizes, such bowls are resistant to dishwashing temperatures and chemicals in commercial operations.


The steadily increasing number of informal commercial eating places has caused a resurgence of individual cooking/serving pieces, called ovenware. These may be made of ceramic (pottery) or china, but are thick walled and highly resistant to thermal shock. As their name implies, they are intended to be used in the oven when cooking an item.

A variety of shapes intended for individual or double portions are available. Casseroles, with or without handles, ramekins, Welsh rarebit dishes, pot pie dishes, custard cups, shirred egg dishes, etc., are all intended to give an informal, cooked-to-order appearance to foodservice.

Note though that some manufacturers, although promoting their ovenware for use in heating food in an oven, warn against using it to “cook’ food. So be sure of what the operator intends to do with the pieces before recommending a line which will not stand prolonged cooking temperatures.

Knowing the Product

Know your product. The manufacturers’ literature provides almost all the information you will need to make informed suggestions to your customers and prospects, but there are some comparative data you should have:

In general, china, metal and caramelized glass is at the top end of the cost spectrum, with glass and plastic at the bottom. There are, however, so many grades and price ranges of each type of dinnerware, except possibly for metal and caramelized glass, that the price lines broadly overlap.

If a customer asks about “noise’ levels, the industry experience is that, although the sounds are different, the level of din from handling is the same for all full lines. Wood is quieter than the others but china clatters, plastic clicks, glass clinks and metal clangs.

In terms of weight (important in many operations, such as nursing homes and schools), heat resistant glass is the heaviest, metal alloy next, and then ovenware, conventional china, caramelized glass and high density china. Wood and plastic are the lightest.

When it comes to breakage and chip resistance, metal is the leader, followed by plastic and wood. Trailing these are caramelized glass, high density glass and regular china. Heat resistant glass is at the bottom. Ovenware’s resistance to breakage depends upon the materials from which it is made. China has the greatest resistance, ceramics the least.

Old timers may object to plastic because of “staining,’ which is really filming, since it does not penetrate the surface. All dinnerware is subject to filming, with glass the most resistant and plastic the least, but the difference is slight. In earlier plastic dinnerware with duller surfaces this was a problem. Special detergent solutions are now available which quickly remove such stains from any type of dinnerware.

For use in microwave ovens, both heat resistant glass and plastic are ideal. China, including high density alumina china, works well, unless a metallic band or pattern has been applied. Metal and caramelized glass cannot be used. Incidentally, most of the heating of dinnerware in a microwave comes from heat conducted from the food.

For insulating qualities, metal and heat resistant glasses are the worst, plastic and wood the best. China, caramelized china and ovenware probably fall somewhere in between. If food is desired hot or cold at the table, it is recommended that plates be heated or cooled before serving.

All manufacturers suggest that dinnerware’s not be mixed, since it gives an unmatched, unprofessional appearance to the tabletop. In addition, mixing pieces from different manufacturers may increase breakage and chipping.

Selling Dinnerware

Know who your prospects are before making your calls. “Restaurant’ china, of course, is used at every level of foodservice, from the fast-service operation to the finest white tablecloth establishment. It is also used by the broad spectrum of semi-commercial and institutional feeders. There is such a broad choice of china that there is a price range for almost everyone in the industry.

High density china use is clustered in the medium to higher ticket operations. Ceramitized china has been competing with it in all but the “traditional’ white tablecloth setting, and it is gaining penetration even there.

  • Plastic is clustered from the low end commercial operation to the middle level. It is used extensively by airlines and in schools and health care institutions where weight is a factor.
  • Metal is in use primarily in theme operations, although some high-end white tablecloth establishments are switching to metal service plates.
  • Wood is used primarily for bowls at salad bars and for cutting boards where bread and/or cheese are cut by the patron at the table.
  • Heat-resistant glass is price competitive with plastic but is used in family restaurantand is moving up the prestige ladder as a greater variety of decoration becomes available.
  • Sell dinnerware as a decor factor. After all it presents the food to the patron, and the impression it makes sets the image of the operation.

Use presentation. Don’t simply bring in an illustrated spec sheet or a few pieces of the pattern. Set a table with a full table setting, using not only the new pattern you are trying to sell, but new glassware, new flatware and the “stationary’ items from sugar to ashtray.

Then, right next to it, set another table with all the items now being used in the prospect’s operation. Let the prospect see the difference! Unless the operation is brand new, the comparison will be dramatic.

Remember that dinnerware is reordered as it is broken, lost or damaged in the operation. Keep an eye on the condition of the dinnerware as you visit your customers. Make them aware of chipping, crazing, abrasion, filming. After all, their patrons will!